计谋之大器晚成:用介词短语代替从句。例:

删芜就简的本领

单词讲授

  • thirsty adj.贪杯的,口渴的
    I am thirsty. / I feel thirsty.
    The man was thirsty for power / Knowledge / success.
    hungry adj.饿的

  • ghost n.鬼混的
    a creepy ghost story

  • haunt v.(鬼)来访,闹鬼
    People say ghosts haunt the old house.
    The house is haunted (by the ghosts).
    v. 超慢活的事务
    If something unpleasant haunts you, try to ignore it and move on.
    She was haunted by bad feelings night and day.

  • block v.堵
    The highway was blocked by a few trucks(货车).
    The clouds blocked his view of the mountains.
    n. 拥堵 大楼 街区
    traffic block / jam
    a block of flats(平地).
    She walked three blocks down the main street.

  • furniture n.家具
    a piece of furniture

  • shake v.摇动
    shake shook shaken
    shake hands with sb.

我们都知道意大利语中动词平日是用来做谓语的,不过当一句话中已经有了谓语动词时,剩下的动词将要变作非谓语动词了,由此非谓语动词在匈牙利(Magyarország卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)语中很宽泛,关于非谓语动词的语法知识自然就要大家能够熟知驾驭,但是在那之中提到动词的变位、搭配等难题,有必然的难度,接下去老师为大家整理了非谓语动词语法知识,考试前我们抓牢领会吧。

  原句:While they were playing tennis, she started an argument that
lasted all morning。

1、用介词(短语卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎代替从句。 when
教导的从句能够用during来替代,在方位及指路中得以用at 取代。

语法讲明

  • A public house which was recently bought by Mr.lan…
    a public house
    be up for sale

  • Mr… is going to sell it because it is haunted.

  • He told me that he could not go to sleep one night…
    直接宾语(宾语从句)

  • …he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the
    furniture had been moved.
    宾语从句

  • … he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the
    furniture had been moved.
    相通过去时 / 过去实现时(的被动语态)

  • Though Mr… had turned the lights off before he went to bed,they
    were on in the morning.
    过去实现时 / 通常过去时

  • He also said that he had found five empty whisky bottles which the
    ghost must have drunk…
    must have done 预计过去

  • When I suguested that some villargers must have come in for a free
    drink,Mr… shook his head.

even if 即使

风流罗曼蒂克、非谓语动词的定义

  修改后:During tennis she started an argument that lasted all
morning。

1)  While they were playing tennis, she started an argument that lasted
all morning.

知识扩大

n. + v. -> 谓语动词的变化 : 时态 + 语态 + 情态 + 反常(更换时态)

  • 句子的分类
    简单句 / 并列句 / 复合句
    复合句 = 主句 + 从句(名词性从句,定义从句,状语从句)

动词的主干用法是作谓语。当句中曾经有了谓语动词了,要选或要填的动词就只可以用非谓语格局了。

  原句:When you come to the second traffic light, turn right。

1#  During tennis, she started an argument that lasted all
morning.

非谓语情势有二种:1、动词不定式:to do 2、动词的ing : doing
3、动词的过去分词:done。个中不定式表示指标和未来;动词的ing表示积极和进行;过去分词表示被动和到位。

  修改后:At the second traffic light turn left。

2) When you come to the second traffic light, turn right.

二、非谓语动词的时态和语态

  攻略之二:删除诸如”who is”或”that
is”之类的涉及代词,变从句为短语。例:

2# At the second traffic light, turn right.

平日式:不定式:主动to do ,被动to be done ; ing 方式:主动doing
,被动being done ;过去分词:被动done

  原句:The novel, which is written in three parts, told a story that
took place in the Middle Ages。

2、用过去分词方式替代从句

完成式:不定式:主动to have done ,被动to have been done;ing
形式:主动having done,被动having been done

  修改后:The three-part novel told a story set in the Middle Ages。

1) The novel, which is written in three parts, told a story that is set
in the Middle Ages.

进行式: 不定式to be doing

  注:把句中的”three
parts”改用形容词来抒发,节省了八个不须求的单词”which is written
in”。大家平日能够将涉及代词如”that”去掉,那只会挑起起码的更改。

1# Written in three parts, the novel told a story set in the Middle
Ages.

三、非谓语动词的复合结构

  攻略之三:剔除你不需求的单词。例:

1# The three-part novel told a story set in the Middle Ages.

不定式的复合结构:for / of sb. to do sth.

  Two joint partners will present their views over a long-distance
telephone call。

3、用前置修饰语替代who/that
从句,意思是能用叁个形容词消除的就毫无用从句了。

动词 ing 情势的复合结构:宾格或享有格+doing (-ing
方式作主语时,用的全部格+doing)

  写完那样的句子后,你自个儿再读贰次,挑出单词”joint”和”telephone”,注意删去不须要的词。

1) A neighbour who would like to help others will get certain help in
return.

  1. 不定式和动名词作主语的界别

    更加多音讯请访谈:今日头条中小教频道

1# A helpful neighbour often receives help from others in return.

(1卡塔尔动名词作者主语时,平时用于代表少年老成件已知的事或经验,不定式短语常常用来表示黄金年代件未造成的事或目标。

  非常表达:由于内地点情状的持续调治与调换,新浪网所提供的富有考试音讯仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门发布的正统音信为准。

2) The couple that has just married plans to visit Chengdu in
southwestern China.

Driving a car during the rush hour is
tiring.在山顶时刻驾车让人头疼。(经验)

2# The newly-wed couple plans to visit Chengdu in southwestern China.

(2卡塔尔不定式做主语,通常用it当形式主语,把作主语的不定式短语前置。

3) I want to thank people who are associated either in the past or at
the present with the Shanghai International Studies University, such as
Margaret Wang, Vivian Yang, Professor Li Guan-Yi and Miss Marion
Baillie.

It took me only five minutes to finish the job.

3# I want to thank people associated with the Shanghai
InternationalstudiesUniversity, past and present: Margaret Wang,
Vivian Yang, Professor Li Guan-Yi and Miss Marion Baillie.

  1. 不定式、动名词和分词作表语的分别

4、删除意义重复的单词或短语

(1卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎不定式作表语

1) Two joint partners will present their views over a long-distance
telephone call.

① 不定式作表语平日代表具体动作,极度是表示以后的动作。

1# Two partners will present their views over a long-distance call.

What I would suggest is to start work at once.笔者的建议是那个时候带头干。

2) We sometimes make choices that put our lives in jeopardy where death
can occur.

② 假设主语是不定式(表示原则),表语也只要不定式(表示结果)。

2# We sometimes make choices that put our lives in jeopardy.

To see is to believe.千闻不比一见。

3) He gets so angry that he would like to take someone else’s life and
murder them.

(2卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎动名词作者表语:动名词作者表语,表示抽象的平常的一言一动。

3# Sometimes he becomes angry enough to contemplate murder.

His hobby is collecting stamps.他的欣赏是集邮。

4) Liu Bin is employed at a TV station working as a news reporter.

(3卡塔尔国分词作者表语

4# 1) Liu Bin works at TV station as a news reporter.

分词做表语有二种情景,意气风发种是以后分词做表语,生机勃勃种是过去分词做表语,那三头分别是试验中平常考到的地点。

4# 2) Liu Bin is a news reporter at a TV station.

puzzling令人费解的–puzzled感觉费解的

4# 3) Liu Bin is a TV news reporter.

satisfying称心如意的—satisfied感觉满足的

5) Sun Hong is determined in her mind to lose weight.

The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too
much.如若要学子学得太多,他们会认为糊涂的。

5# Sun Hong is determined to lose weight.

The argument is very convincing.他的论点很相信。

6) My car is a foreign import, not home-made. 

  1. 不定式和动名词作宾语的界别

6#  My car is an import, not home-made.

(1卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)某些动词只好用动名词作者宾语

7) This book will help you master the basic elements of good writing.

acknowledge,admit ,dislike, advocate,complete,appreciate
,avoid,enjoy,delay,escape,deny

## basic 与 elements 重复,保留三个就能够。

例如:I appreciate having been given the opportunity to study abroad two
years ago.

7# This book will help you master the basics of good writing.

自己很谢谢三年前给本身出国深造的空子。

8) Dr.Sun Yat-sen wants to Japan by means of a big boat.

(2卡塔尔某个动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的歧异

8# Dr Sun Yat-sen want to Japan by boat.

① forget to do 忘记要去做有些事(这件事未做),forget
doing忘记做过某件事(那一件事已做过或已发生)

9) He has no sense of principles, whether he is in public or in
private.

② stop to do 截至、中断(某一件事),指标是去做另意气风发件事。stop doing
停止正在或日常做的事

###Me: he cannot realise whether he is in public or in private.
简化。另外:whether in white or in black= black or white; whether in
theory or in practice= in theory, or in practice.

③ remember to do 记住去做有些事(未做),remember doing记得做过某一件事(已做)

9# He has no principles, public or private.

④ regret to do对要做的事可惜,regret doing对做过的事缺憾、后悔

5、词性的转换

⑤ try to do努力、企图做某件事,try doing试验、试意气风发试某种形式

1) It makes me feel painful to think that she has to work 12 hours a
day and seven days a week.

⑥ mean to do打算,有意要…,mean doing意味着

## make sb feel painful 可径直用动词。it+e及物动词+sb. it makes me
sad= it saddens me, it makes me cheerful= it cheers me.

  1. 不定式和分词作者状语的区分

1# It pains me to think that she has to work 12 hours a day and seven
days a week.

(1卡塔尔国将来分词与过去分词作者状语的界别。

2) It will be our aim to ensure proper health care for each and every
one of the Chinese people.


以往分词作者状语时,现在分词的动作就是句子主语的动作,它们中间的涉及是主动关系。

## Our aim 能够直接做主语,It is our position= our position is; it is
my proposal that=my proposal is that/ I propose that.

Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help.

2# Our aim is to ensure proper health care for all Chinese people.


过去分词作者状语时,过去分词表示的动作是句子主语承当的动作,它们中间的关系是庸庸碌碌关系。

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